In the early 1940s, hundreds of Army fighter pilots of the 10th Fighter Squadron came to Zephyrhills Army Airfield before going to war. After WWII, the airport was donated to the city. The barracks where the pilots lived have all been demolished with this infirmary building being the only survivor.
From 1977 to 2001, state and city grants allowed for restoration and preservation of this building. The Zephyrhills Museum of Military History holds treasured memories of the World War II veterans who lived and trained in Zephyrhills and others who served in the war.
Over the years the collection has evolved to include earlier and later conflicts including the Civil War, the Korean War, the Viet Nam War, the tragedies of 9/11 and war in the Middle East.