In the early 1940s, hundreds of Army fighter pilots of the 10th Fighter Squadron came to Zephyrhills Army Airfield before going to war. After WWII, the airport was donated to the city. The barracks where the pilots lived have all been demolished with this infirmary building being the only survivor.
From 1977 to 2001, state and city grants allowed for the restoration and preservation of this building. The Zephyrhills Museum of Military History holds original treasured memories of the conflicts of the Civil War, WWI, WWII, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Middle East War. Special exhibits include Women in the Military, the Attack of 9/11, and the history of the 10th Fighter Squadron of Zephyrhills.
Over the years the collection has evolved to include earlier and later conflicts including the Civil War, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the tragedies of 9/11, and war in the Middle East.